Greek Mythology: Hermes
Hermes is the Messenger god. He is also the god of the marketplace, flocks and herds, craft. He’s the bringer of dreams. He’s the son of Zeus and Maia. Part of his job description is to accompany the souls into the first part of the Underworld. Hermes has wings on his golden sandals and wears a flat, broad-rim hat. He also has a wand, caduceus, which was given to him by Apollo. In exchange, Hermes gives Apollo the first lyre, which he made out of a tortoise shell, wrapped in ox hide with 7 strings made of sheep guts.
Hermes was born on a mountaintop in Arcadia. Maia put him in a winnowing trap where he grew very quickly. As a boy, he went to Macedonia and stumbled across Apollo’s flock. He took 50 cattle and brought them to a river and made them walk backwards from the river, to make it look like the herd simply disappeared from the bank of the river. He then ate two of them and locked the rest in a cave. He then snuck back home by transfiguring himself into mist and going through a keyhole. Yet, Apollo knew it was Hermes who stole his cattle, so he went to him, but Hermes denied it. Hermes was brought to Zeus, who made Hermes give back the remaining cattle. Hermes is a trickster god, as well as a thief and a liar.
Hermes is also one of three gods connected with love. The other two are Aphrodite and Eros. They are known as the Whisperers.
Hermes is often depicted on a herm, which is a square cut ithyphallic stone with a head of Hermes. It is apotropaic, which means it’s used to ward off evil spirits.